Ayrton Senna began racing at a very early age, he was four. His karting experience led him into the British Formula Ford 1600 series, on to the European Formula Ford 2000 series, the British Formula 3 series and then into Formula1. He had won every series on his way to Formula1 and had tested with Williams and McLaren. His debut however was made with the Toleman (Benetton) team in 1984. He impressed a lot of people with his first season, second in Monaco and third in Britain. He had set the fastest lap in Monaco and was catching race leader Alain Prost when the race was stopped due to the rain. In 1985 he managed to release himself from his contract and join Lotus.
The team had won only one race since 1978 and were in a state of decline from their sixties heyday. Ayrton gave them a new lease of life. He won his first race at Estoril in heavy rain. He had also started from pole and set the fastest lap. It was the beginning of a pattern. Ayrton won once more that year, in Spa. Perhaps the most impressive thing about his first year with Lotus was the seven pole positions that he gained. Staying with Lotus for 1986 he again won twice. Spain and Detroit. He finished in the points every time he completed a race and only failed to make the podium twice. But for six retirements he may have had a good chance of his first championship. As it was he finished fourth 17 points behind the winner.
In 1987 Lotus were given Honda engines and again Ayrton scored two wins. This time in Monaco and Detroit. The Monaco win would become something of an annual event. Six other podium finishes helped him into third place in the championship. With only three retirements though it was clear to Ayrton that the Lotus car was not up to the job of allowing him to win the championship.
"Things bring you to reality as to how fragile you are; at the same moment you are doing something that nobody else is able to do. The same moment you are seen as the best, the fastest and somebody that connot be touched, you are enormously fragile. Because in a split second it's gone."
......Ayrton Senna, taken from Car magazine
Champion Of The World
In 1988 Ayrton joined McLaren, moving to the team at the same time as the Honda engines. In his first year with the team he scored thirteen pole positions and won a (then) record eight races in a single season. He won the championship by three points from his team mate Alain Prost.
Controversy On And Off The Track
In 1989 Ayrton suffered mixed fortunes, he retired in Phoenix, Canada, France, Britain, Italy, Portugal and Australia. In Brazil he was involved in a collision and ended up 2 laps behind after making four pit stops. With the exception of Hungary where he came second behind Mansell and Japan where he won but was disqualified, Ayrton won every race that he finished. The Japanese race will be remembered for Senna colliding with Prost on lap 47. Prost went out and although Senna won, he was disqualified for receiving a push start and not rejoining the circuit correctly. This handed the title to Prost. In 1989 the best 11 results counted and six wins and one second place were enough for him to finish second.
In reality this whole situation was caused BY the FIA, during the Senna versus Prost rivalry of the late eighties. Race analysis of the first collision in 1989 at the Japanese GP (including an overhead helicopter camera shot!) , showed Prost executing what now be could be called perfect "Schumacher manoeuvre", hitting Senna several yards away from the normal turn-in in point of the corner after the pits exit. Prost knew that if Senna got past him, he would have no hope of catching him (in this case because of Ayrton's unparalleled speed), so he too simply collected his car and with it the World title.
The FIA, headed notoriously by J. M. Ballestre, Prost's fellow
proceeded to shift attention away from Prost's tactics by
and charging him with misconduct in earlier races ....... a
approach at least! This handed the title to Prost (an act
that wa repaeated
5 years later in 1994, with Schumacher the benefactor and Hill the
Ayrton is remembered mostly for driving into the back of Prost at
corner of the Japanese GP in 1990 (the year after the first
thereby regaining the title, under a great deal of criticism.
is not widely known that Senna made his assertion to "turn in -
if he lost the lead into the first corner because Ballestre had
on his word overnight and switched the pole position (won, not
by Senna) to the wrong side of the track for the racing line.
For 1990 Ayrton was joined by Gerhard Berger at McLaren. 10 pole positions signalled that Ayrton was back on top form and determined to regain the title. He won six times that year, also appearing on the podium a further five times. A retirement in Spain left Prost with a chance of beating Senna to the championship, this time in Japan it was Prost who needed the points. Ayrton drove into the back of Prost at the first corner forcing both cars out of the race. Senna had regained the title, but received a great deal of criticism for the manner in which it had finally been decided. For many people it was repayment for the events of the Japanese GP a year earlier.
In 1991 we were treated to a display of driver and car in perfect harmony. Ayrton effectively won the championship in the first half of the season, four straight wins and two third places left him clear of the pack. Also he had finally won the Brazilian GP. The Williams challenge did not start until Mexico and Mansell put together a string of three wins. Ayrton won in Hungary and Belgium and with a second place in Italy he looked set for his third title. With Mansell failing to score points in Portugal Ayrton went to Spain with a 25 point lead. That was cut to 17 points by Japan, however Mansell spun off and with that Ayrton was World champion again. He would be only the fifth driver to retain the title, a select club to which he rightly belonged. Ayrton's joy at regaining the title allowed him a gesture of generosity and at the last corner of the Japanese GP he allowed his team mate Gerhard Berger to go through and score his first win for McLaren. The last race of the season was the rain shortened Australian GP, half points meant that Ayrton won the title by 24 points. By 1992 the Honda engine was no longer the most coveted engine in the pit lane. Williams had refined their car and Renault had produced a brilliant engine. For the first time since 1987 Ayrton was only able to qualify on pole once in a season. He did manage three wins, a fifth at Monaco to equal Graham Hill's record, and in Hungary and Italy. No one could compete with Mansell in the Williams though and Ayrton finished fourth in the championship. 1993 saw McLaren move to Ford engines, Alain Prost rejoined Williams and everyone expected him to walk away with the title. Ayrton had different ideas, his brilliance in the wet allowed him to put on a masterful display winning in the rain in Brazil and at Donnington.
Donnington 93 - His Finest Hour?
At Donnington Senna was at his brilliant best, surging past four cars on the opening lap. Another win in Monaco (a record sixth win) put Ayrton in the lead for the championship after six rounds. From Canada to Germany (four races) Prost won every time while Ayrton only managed one fourth place and two fifth place finishes.
(click the picture for the mpeg movie)
The brilliance of his driving could not make up for the deficiencies in his equipment. Another wet race in Japan levelled the playing field somewhat and again Ayrton won. The final race in Australia was to be McLaren's last victory, Ayrton secured his only pole of the season and led (except for pit stops) from start to finish. He finished second in the championship 16 points and about 100 bhp behind Alain Prost.
1994 was a title for the taking. For the second time in succession Williams had lost a world champion to retirement from F1. Prost followed Mansell out of F1 and with Senna in a class of his own and driving a Williams, it was not a question of would he win the title, more a question of how many races would it take. The season started as expected, Ayrton on pole position for the first race in Brazil. Ayrton led for the first 21 laps but lost first place to Schumacher during his pit stop, trying to catch the flying German he spun off and stalled his engine. The next race was the Pacific GP at Aida, again Ayrton secured pole position, this time however Hakkinen collided with him at the first corner and he spun out. Two races, two poles, no finishes and no points. The next race was at San Marino, once again Ayrton secured pole, this time however the meeting was marred by the death of the young Simtek driver Roland Ratzenberger. On race day I remember Ayrton giving an interview where he said that the first two races would have to be written off and he said "our season starts now, 14 races instead of 16". The race got underway and almost immediately it was stopped. JJ Lehto failed to get away from the grid and Pedro Lamy ploughed into the back of the stationary car. At the restart Ayrton got away in the lead, he led for five laps before his car crashed into the retaining wall at the Tamburello curve, a curve which would have been taken at around 160 mph and the same curve that Gerhard Berger had crashed into some years before. It is still not known why his car crashed, there is a great deal of debate about the steering column which was modified before the race. As the camera panned in on the stricken Williams the stillness of the driver meant that something was wrong. GP drivers usually leap out of their cars and Ayrton was motionless, for a brief second he moved and millions of viewers heaved a collective sigh of relief. Sadly Ayrton was killed in the crash, his car withstood the impact brilliantly and all his safety equipment withstood the huge forces but his front suspension had been forced back towards his head under the force of the impact and it was this which proved fatal. He was pronounced dead in a Bologna hospital later that afternoon. Ayrton was undoubtedly the greatest driver of his age, his record is outstanding. In 10 seasons and three races he secured 68 pole positions out of 87 front row starts (a record unlikely to be broken), 41 wins, 19 fastest laps and 614 points from 161 races. He holds the record for the most laps in the lead with 2981, comfortably ahead of second place Prost with 2712 (who had 38 more races) Were it not for the events of May 1st 1994 he would probably be challenging for a record sixth world championship.
"If I ever happen to have an accident that eventually costs me my life, I hope it is in one go. I would not like to be in a wheelchair. I would not like to be in a hospital suffering from whatever injury it was. If I am going to live, I want to live fully. Very intensely, because I am an intense person. It would ruin my life if I had to live partially."
......Ayrton Senna, taken from Car magazine
Ayrton Senna da Silva 21st March 1960 - 1st May 1994 RIP
Drivers World Championships: 3
Grand Prix Wins: 41
Pole Positions: 65
........ this last statistic is that yard-stick by which
in an era are gauged, after all "the stop-watch never lies" - if
lap time was any where near Ayrton's you were doing well!!
..... actually 65 poles is more than twice
by any rival (& a percantge only approached by Jim Clark
click here for an in-car movie of